Federal Budget

The federal budget process can have a tremendous impact on vital programs that make our State and our municipalities strong and stable. Staying aware of the impacts of the budget and working with your League and Federal representatives to respond to the proposals, and can ensure the best possible outcome for municipalities.

The fiscal year is the accounting period for the federal government, beginning Oct. 1 and ending on Sept. 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2023 begins on October 1, 2022, and ends on Sept. 30, 2023. 


Congress passes appropriations legislation to fund the government for every fiscal year. Appropriations acts are characteristically annual and generally provide funding authority that expires at the end of the federal fiscal year, September 30. 

The House and Senate Committees on Appropriations have jurisdiction over the annual appropriations measures. Each committee is organized into subcommittees, with each subcommittee having responsibility for developing one regular annual appropriations bill to provide funding for departments and activities within its jurisdiction.  Each House appropriations subcommittee is paired with a Senate appropriations subcommittee and the two subcommittees’ jurisdictions are generally identical. 

The current appropriations subcommittee structure includes the following 12 subcommittees 

  1. Agriculture, Rural Development, Food & Drug Administration, and Related Agencies
  2. Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies
  3. Defense
  4. Energy and Water Development, and Related Agencies
  5. Financial Services and General Government
  6. Homeland Security
  7. Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies
  8. Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies 
  9. Legislative Branch 
  10. Military Construction, Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies
  11. State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs
  12. Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies

These appropriations can be found and tracked at the Congress.gov website.
For a full rundown, please review The Congressional Appropriations Process

News & Updates

The Budget and Economic Outlook 2020 to 2030 from the Congressional Budget Office

Federal Budget 2023 of the U.S. Government.

Analytical Perspectives Budget of the U.S. Government Fiscal Year 2023

White House Office of Management & Budget

  1. USDA Grant Money Available for Biofuel-Related Infrastructure Upgrades

    The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has announced the availability of $100 million in grants with the goal of helping to increase the sale and use of biofuels derived from U.S. agricultural products. Read on...
  2. LIHWAP Application Process Open

    The DCA's Low Income Household Water Assistance Program (LIHWAP) application process is open. The U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services-funded program will provide benefits directly to water and wastewater companies on behalf of residential customers. Read on...
  3. ARP Project & Expenditure Reporting to DLGS

    Please be advised that when reviewing applications before the Local Finance Board, the DLGS has been raising the issue of the completed American Rescue Plan State and Local Fiscal Recovery Funds Project and Expenditure Reports that were due on April 30, Read on...
  4. President Signs CHIPS and Science Act

    President Joe Biden signed the CHIPS and Science Act (H.R. 4346, ), into law, authorizing funding for research and innovation programs, providing $54.2 billion to support domestic semiconductor manufacturing, research, and development. Read on...
  5. Inflation Reduction Act Activity

    The U.S. Senate utilized the chamber’s reconciliation rules to pass the Inflation Reduction Act, and the House of Representatives Committee on Rules passed the parameters for the House’s consideration of this legislation. Read on...
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