Federal Budget

The federal budget process can have a tremendous impact on vital programs that make our State and our municipalities strong and stable. Staying aware of the impacts of the budget and working with your League and Federal representatives to respond to the proposals, and can ensure the best possible outcome for municipalities.

The fiscal year is the accounting period for the federal government, beginning Oct. 1 and ending on Sept. 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2023 begins on October 1, 2022, and ends on Sept. 30, 2023. 


Congress passes appropriations legislation to fund the government for every fiscal year. Appropriations acts are characteristically annual and generally provide funding authority that expires at the end of the federal fiscal year, September 30. 

The House and Senate Committees on Appropriations have jurisdiction over the annual appropriations measures. Each committee is organized into subcommittees, with each subcommittee having responsibility for developing one regular annual appropriations bill to provide funding for departments and activities within its jurisdiction.  Each House appropriations subcommittee is paired with a Senate appropriations subcommittee and the two subcommittees’ jurisdictions are generally identical. 

The current appropriations subcommittee structure includes the following 12 subcommittees 

  1. Agriculture, Rural Development, Food & Drug Administration, and Related Agencies
  2. Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies
  3. Defense
  4. Energy and Water Development, and Related Agencies
  5. Financial Services and General Government
  6. Homeland Security
  7. Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies
  8. Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies 
  9. Legislative Branch 
  10. Military Construction, Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies
  11. State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs
  12. Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies

These appropriations can be found and tracked at the Congress.gov website.
For a full rundown, please review The Congressional Appropriations Process

News & Updates

The Budget and Economic Outlook 2020 to 2030 from the Congressional Budget Office

Federal Budget 2023 of the U.S. Government.

Analytical Perspectives Budget of the U.S. Government Fiscal Year 2023

White House Office of Management & Budget

  1. FEMA and NJDEP To Host Federal Flood Risk Management Standards Training

    FEMA Region 2 Floodplain Management and Insurance Office and the NJDEP) State National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP Coordinator's office will be offering free virtual training sessions on the Federal Flood Risk Management Standards on Jan. 25 and 26. Read on...
  2. Opportunity to Comment on Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) Program

    The National League of Cities (NLC) has alerted us to an opportunity for municipalities to comment on the Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) Programs. Read on...
  3. FY2023 Federal Omnibus Budget Passed

    In the final week of December, the House and Senate passed, and President Biden signed a $1.7 trillion FY2023 federal budget through September 30, 2023 Read on...
  4. SHBP Update: No Relief In New Year

    On Friday, Dec. 30, the Joint Budget Oversight Committee (JBOC) met to consider items including the transfer of Federal Coronavirus State Fiscal Recovery Funds. Read on...
  5. White House Releases Inflation Reduction Act Clean Energy Guidebook

    League staff reviewed the White House's 183-page guidebook, Inflation Reduction Act (IRA) Guidebook of Clean Energy provisions in the law, and created a condensed version that highlights programs for which municipalities are eligible to apply. Read on...
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